The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) or better known only as Yugoslavia was founded in 1963. It consisted of 6 republics: Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Macedonia. The area of the former Yugoslavia was about 255,000 km2. It had a population of close to 20,000,000. Yugoslavia was known for having five nationalities, three religions, and two alphabets.
In Yugoslavia, all students were Tito’s pioneers. Each first grader received a pioneer hat and a scarf, and took the following pioneer oath:
“Today, when I become a pioneer
I give the honorable pioneer word:
That I will study and work diligently,
Respect parents and the elderly,
And be a faithful and honest friend,
Who keeps his word;
That I will love our homeland
The Socialist Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia,
Preserve brotherhood and unity of
All its peoples and nationalities
And appreciate all the people of the world
Who want freedom and peace. “
Life in the former Yugoslavia was very simple. Since there was no internet, social life was very active. The socializing of the children was on the street while playing football, hide and seek, marbles, as well as games of Partisans and Germans fights. In addition, matinees were often held (Sunday film performances at 11 a.m.). On May 25, the Day of Youth was celebrated, and on that date was the birthday of the then president, Josip Broz, whom everyone called Comrade Tito. For months, schools and kindergartens had been preparing rallies that took place on May 25.
At that time, the relay race of youth was carried from village to village, from town to town in the hands of young people throughout Yugoslavia. In 1987, Ćićevac had the opportunity to host for a night the youth relay in our small town. It was a great privilege and honor then. The final manifestation was in Belgrade, where the biggest rally was held and where one of the most talented young people selected for that year handed over the baton to president Tito.
Young people went to youth work actions. These work actions were organized by the Alliance of Socialist Youth of Yugoslavia, where young people worked on fortifying the banks of rivers, afforesting bare lands, building roads, and so on. Brigades from all the republics of the former Yugoslavia were often present at these work actions, so that brotherhood and unity among the people and nationalities of Yugoslavia spread most there.
This is what it was like in the time of Yugoslavia. For the generations of that time, it was a beautiful period of life. /Author Saška Krkić, photos: private photos of S. K./
The original article is published in the school digital newspaper Đačka iskra